Menstrual Disorders Pdf

Treatments for menstrual disorders range from over-the-counter medications to surgery, with a variety of options in between. Abnormalities can include hereditary or spontaneous genetic disorders. Once you've diagnosed my condition, can we try treatment with medications before trying any surgical procedures? The ruptured follicle closes after releasing the egg and forms a corpus luteum, pdf ykle which produces progesterone. Basal body temperature Cervical mucus Mittelschmerz.

Bartholin's cyst Kraurosis vulvae Vestibular papillomatosis Vulvitis Vulvodynia. Pain from menstrual cramps is caused by uterine contractions, triggered by prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that are produced by the uterine lining cells and circulate in your bloodstream. Abnormal uterine bleeding also includes amenorrhea or absence of menstrual periods.

As a result, the top layers of the thickened lining of the uterus endometrium break down and are shed, and menstrual bleeding occurs. Changes in hormone levels help trigger ovulation. This follicle produces estrogen. Take charge of your health. However, following treatment, you must use contraception.


Bleeding that occurs after menopause. Also you may experience secondary amenorrhea because of problems affecting the pituitary, thyroid or adrenal gland. Pelvic congestion syndrome. If you wait until you have pain, it doesn't work as well. Risks common to all surgical options include infection, hemorrhage and other complications.

It is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia. Discuss these and other strategies with your health care professional before taking any dietary supplement. Progestins, either oral or injectable, are also used to manage heavy bleeding, particularly that resulting from a lack of ovulation. Hypomenorrhea is abnormally light menstrual periods. Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive Lactational amenorrhea.

For some, it's part of the regular monthly routine. These procedures are recommended only for women who have completed their families because they affect fertility. This will also help reduce heavy bleeding. During the luteal phase, luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels decrease.

Discuss your symptoms and treatment options with your health care professional. If your periods feel overwhelming, discuss your symptoms with your health care professional. Some women get through their monthly periods easily with few or no concerns. Both can also help reduce menstrual flow, improve and control menstrual patterns and relieve pelvic pain during menstruation. Periods that have stopped.

Bleeding that occurs frequently and irregularly between periods. Still, there are many things you can try to alleviate your pain, discomfort and emotional distress. They include dietary changes, exercise and medication options. Exercise is another good way to relieve menstrual cycle symptoms.

Each follicle contains an egg. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Your uterus may be filled with a saline solution to perform this procedure, called a sonohysterography. If you don't have a monthly period and don't fit into one of these categories, then you need to discuss your condition with your health care professional. Treatment choices depend on your age, your desire to preserve fertility and the cause of the bleeding dysfunctional or structural.

To prepare, keep a record of the frequency and duration of your periods. Secondary amenorrhea is diagnosed if you've had regular periods, but they suddenly stop for more than three to six months. This article needs additional citations for verification. Treatment choices depend on your age, your desire to preserve fertility and the cause of the abnormal bleeding dysfunctional or structural. Once your symptoms are accurately diagnosed, he or she can help you choose the best treatment to make your menstrual cycle tolerable.

With this tool, you can track the type and severity of symptoms to help identify a pattern. Polycystic ovary syndrome. These medications work best when symptoms first begin.

High-frequency sound waves are reflected off pelvic structures to provide an image. These medications include ibuprofen Advil, Motrin and naproxen Aleve.

Except for hysterectomy, surgical options for heavy bleeding preserve the uterus, destroying just the uterine lining. Over this time, it slowly releases a low dose of the progestin hormone levonorgestrel into the uterus. In this diagnostic procedure, your health care professional looks into your uterine cavity through a miniature telescope-like instrument called a hysteroscope. Bleeding is considered heavy if it interferes with normal activities. The benefits last only as long as the medication is taken, so if you choose this route, you should know that medical treatment is a long-term commitment.

Causes and Treatment


This condition, called secondary amenorrhea, can be caused by problems that affect estrogen levels, including stress, weight loss, exercise or illness. During the reproductive years, vaginal bleeding may be abnormal when menstrual periods are too heavy or too light, last too long, occur too often, or are irregular. The term may also refer to bleeding between periods or absent periods. Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage.

The estrogen level peaks during the surge, and the progesterone level starts to increase. During most of this phase, the estrogen level is high. Oral contraceptive pills are also effective for menstrual cramps. Changes During the Menstrual Cycle.

Menstrual Disorders - American Family Physician

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ovulation kits, that use a morning urine sample, are available without a prescription and are easy to use.

Hysterectomy is the only treatment that completely guarantees heavy menstrual bleeding will end permanently. Click here for the Professional Version. Treatment depends on your age, desire to preserve fertility and the cause of the bleeding. Dyspareunia Hypoactive sexual desire disorder Sexual arousal disorder Vaginismus. Is this something to be concerned about?

Many women with heavy menstrual bleeding can blame their condition on hormones. The average menstrual period lasts about five to seven days. Heavy menstrual bleeding One in five women bleed so heavily during their periods that they have to put their normal lives on hold just to deal with the heavy blood flow. Overview of Platelet Disorders.

Medication therapy is often successful and a good first option. About this time, the follicle-stimulating hormone level increases slightly, stimulating the development of several follicles in the ovaries.

The Mirena system may be kept in place for up to five years. The tissue is analyzed under a microscope to identify any possible problem, including cancer. Sleeping consistent hours and establishing a bedtime routine to help cue your body and mind for sleeping. The risk of these side effects is even higher if you use the birth control patch, because it contains higher levels of estrogen.

What are menstrual disorders